Technical Report
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Leadership Judgement Indicator

(Standard LJI-2, Sales, and Global)


by Michael Lock, Robert Wheeler

Downloads (PDF)


* Online assessments are accessed through the Hogrefe Testsystem (HTS)


* Online assessments are accessed through the Hogrefe Testsystem (HTS)

Technical Report
product number: HUS26150
Excluding tax
Personal Insights Report and Technical Report
product number: HUS26151
Excluding tax
product number: HUS26196
Excluding tax
Technical Report

Area of use

The Leadership Judgement Indicator 2 (LJI-2) was created to measure the level of “leadership wisdom” that the respondent uses in decision-making. Using a series of problem-solving scenarios, the LJI-2 requires the respondent to rate the appropriateness of various courses of action in response to each challenge. The scenarios have been crafted from the principles underlying leadership theory and there is a single “best fit” way to react to each scenario.

Language Versions

English, French, German, Italian, Finnish, Czech, Portuguese and Russian

Product Description

The advantage of the measurement approach used by the LJI-2 is that the respondent is being asked to demonstrate their level of leadership wisdom through the questionnaire. Responses are scored for correctness in terms of achieving desirable business outcomes in specific situations.

This measurement is in stark contrast to traditional assessment tools where respondents are asked to describe their typical ways of behaving (with a view to how the individual is likely to behave most of the time). Such self-report approaches work well when the objective is to gain insight about an individual's self-concept, but the LJI-2 is designed to go beyond the measurement of the typical or preferred style of a respondent - it sets out to assess how well that individual understands the importance of sometimes behaving against their preferred style.

Online testing

Our online testing is available through the Hogrefe Testsystem (HTS) – click here for an overview.

HTS access is via a subscription model, where users pay an annual fee for periodic maintenance and upgrades to new features. This fee is being waived through 2022, as we invite you to become familiar with HTS for your assessment needs.

To create an account on HTS contact us by email or phone (978-255-3700).


When ordering test materials for the first time, we request that you provide documentation indicating you have the requisite qualifications or experience to administer psychological tests. Please download and complete the Qualification for Test Purchase.

Test Validity

Construct validity studies against tests measure critical reasoning and critical thinking show a correlation, but not complete overlap with the LJI-2 as expected. There are also expected links with personality (using the Business-Focused Inventory of Personality) but again, not a complete overlap as expected. Finally, there is no evidence to suggest that the test shows any adverse impact with respect to gender.


UK General manager population (N=1,340)

Processing Time

The LJI-2 is untimed, and typically takes 35 minutes to complete.

Copyright year


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