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Business-Focused Inventory of Personality: UK Edition

1st edition, 2008

by Michael Paschen, J. Rust


Area of use

The BIP® is suitable for use in selection, development, coaching and career counselling. It is suitable for use with board executives and middle to senior management levels.

Product Description

The BIP® combines an assessment of both work style and motivation and was originally developed in Germany over 10 years ago following research into personality at work and with input from HR professionals. The UK standardisation was carried out in 2007 under the direction of Professor John Rust. The result is a practical, work-based questionnaire that is valuable for use at senior management levels. The self-report questionnaire (Form S) is complemented by a version of the questionnaire that can be completed by others (Form O). This provides useful insight into the impact of behaviour on other people and, as such, makes for a rich source of information in a development setting.

The questionnaire includes 14 scales arranged into four conceptual domains; three scales measure aspects of psychological constitution: ‘Emotional Stability’, ‘Working under Pressure’ and ‘Self Confidence’. There are also four supplementary indices intended to open up discussion at interview rather than being predictive of behaviour. These are ‘Sense of Control’ (in terms of impact on others), ’Competitive Orientation’, ’Mobility’ (in terms of willingness to relocate and travel as part of the job) and ’Time Orientation’, which looks at the relative importance given to work and leisure.

In addition, the BIP® has an ‘Impression Management’ scale which assesses an aspect of the testtaker’s approach to the questionnaire and gives the test user insight into the extent to which respondents are emphasising more or less positive aspects of themselves.


Internal Consistency Reliability: The obtained values for primary scales range from .67 to .87 (N = 581). Test-Retest Reliability: The obtained values range between .69 and .90 (N = 83; Interval = one month).

Test Validity

Construct Validity: The relationships between performance on BIP™ and performance on three other self-report personality tests (16PF, NEO-FFI and EPI) are presented in the manual. Criterion related Validity: Data has been collected against observer ratings, income (corrected for age), hierarchical position (corrected for age), subjective estimation of career success and job satisfaction. Social Validity: Systematic feedback on user's experience of completing the BIP™ has been collected (N = 1573). Correlations with Impression Management and Acquiescence are also presented in the manual.


UK working population: N = 581. Age range: 19-65 years. Range of roles: Police, Managerial, Finance, Engineering & IT, Psychologists, HR staff, Sales & Marketing, Counsellors, Local Authority staff, Administration staff, Other.

Processing Time

Form S (Self-rated): Untimed approx. 40 minutes. Form O (Observer-rated): Untimed approx. 10-15 minutes.

Release Note

In use since 2008.

Copyright year


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