Technical Report
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Leadership Judgement Indicator

(Standard LJI-2, Sales, and Global)


by Michael Lock, Robert Wheeler


* Online assessments are accessed through the Hogrefe Testsystem (HTS)


* Online assessments are accessed through the Hogrefe Testsystem (HTS)

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Technical Report

Area of use

The Leadership Judgement Indicator 2 (LJI-2) was created to measure the level of “leadership wisdom” that the respondent uses in decision-making. Using a series of problem-solving scenarios, the LJI-2 requires the respondent to rate the appropriateness of various courses of action in response to each challenge. The scenarios have been crafted from the principles underlying leadership theory and there is a single “best fit” way to react to each scenario.

Language Versions

English, French, German, Italian, Finnish, Czech, Portuguese and Russian

Product Description

LJI-2 Standard

The advantage of the measurement approach used by the LJI-2 is that the respondent is being asked to actually demonstrate their level of leadership wisdom through the questionnaire. Responses are scored for correctness in terms of achieving desirable business outcomes in specific situations.

The scenario-based approach adopted by the LJI-2 goes beyond the measurement of the typical or preferred style of a respondent - it sets out to assess how well that individual understands the importance of sometimes behaving against their preferred style.

Global LJI

Aimed at high-level leaders in multi-national companies where English is the language of business - and using a globally assessed norm - the G-LJI is comprised of scenarios designed to resonate with corporations worldwide.

The G-LJI benchmarks how accurately a leader can discern the most appropriate ways of engaging with colleagues, as well as the leadership strategies they are likely to employ, compared to a sample of leaders drawn from 38 countries across six continents. The G-LJI is administered in English, but slightly more than half the respondents did not have English as a first language. Some of the major business sectors represented in the norm group are:

  • Computer manufacturing and supply
  • Energy supply
  • Engineering

Sales LJI

The S-LJI has been designed to assess current and potential sales leaders who are or will be responsible for the motivation, effectiveness and success of sales teams. It allows for the assessment of a sales leader's judgement and preferred styles when dealing with a range of decision-making contexts. It benchmarks how accurately the leader can discern the most appropriate ways of engaging with colleagues, as well as the leadership strategies that they are likely to employ, against a reference group of sales leaders. While the majority of the reference group consists of people working in the UK, sales leaders in 38 countries were invited to complete the instrument, including India, South Africa, Turkey, the USA, various countries in Europe, the Middle East and Australasia.

The S-LJI has been shown to be a valuable test when used alongside the LJI in development settings. The use of one test early in the training process, and the other as a conclusion or evaluation at the end of a development intervention, has been well received by respondents.

Find out more about the S-LJI from this short video.

Online testing

Our online testing is available through the Hogrefe Testsystem (HTS) – click here for an overview.

HTS access is via a subscription model, where users pay an annual fee for periodic maintenance and upgrades to new features. This fee is being waived through 2024, as we invite you to become familiar with HTS for your assessment needs.

To create an account on HTS contact us by email or phone (978-255-3700).


When ordering test materials for the first time, we request that you provide documentation indicating you have the requisite qualifications or experience to administer psychological tests. Please download and complete the Qualification for Test Purchase.

Test Validity

Construct validity studies against tests measure critical reasoning and critical thinking show a correlation, but not complete overlap with the LJI-2 as expected. There are also expected links with personality (using the Business-Focused Inventory of Personality) but again, not a complete overlap as expected. Finally, there is no evidence to suggest that the test shows any adverse impact with respect to gender.


UK General manager population (N=1,340)

Processing Time

The LJI-2 is untimed, and typically takes 35 minutes to complete.

Copyright year


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